NAVIGATION AND HYDROGRAPHY 37/2014

 

On the Occasion of the 45-th Anniversary of the 780 Repair Plant of the Navigational Technical Equipment. D. M. Bukhov Navigation and Hydrography. 2014. No. 37. . 710.

The information about the history of establishment and present-day activities of The 780 Repair Plant of the Navigational Technical Equipment JSC is presented

Key words: navigational aids, aids to navigation.

Substantiation for the List of Functional Characteristics of Adaptive Information-Measuring Navigation Systems. A. D. Golyakov, I. V. Fominov Navigation and Hydrography. 2014. No. 37. . 1117.

Based on the research, the list of the functional characteristics of adaptive information-measuring navigation systems is substantiated. Examples of indicators of the functional characteristics and expressions for their quantitative estimation are given.

Key words: adaptive information-measuring navigation systems, functional characteristics, accuracy, timeliness, readiness, reliability, resistance.

Gyroscopic Sensing Elements, Their Classification and Development Level. P. I. Maleyev Navigation and Hydrography. 2014. No. 37. . 1828.

The classification table of gyroscopic sensing elements developed by the author is presented. Their specific features, results of evaluation of the possible accuracy and the current development level are considered.

Key words: gyroscopes, floating-type, electrostatic, magnetic-resonance, ring, nuclear, vibration gyroscopes.

Methods of Adaptive Processing of Navigation Measurements Obtained by Satellites. A. D. Golyakov, I. V. Fominov Navigation and Hydrography. 2014. No. 37. . 2835.

Methods of adaptive processing of the results of onboard navigation measurements of artificial Earth satellites are considered. Based on the comparative analysis of static and dynamic methods, the ways for further development of theoretical principles of analytical evaluation of satellite navigation accuracy are suggested.

Key words: navigation measurements, autonomous navigation, processing methods of navigation measurements, adaptive filters, influencing factors.

New Techniques of Creating the Electromagnetic Absolute Logs. P. I. Maleyev Navigation and Hydrography. 2014. No. 37. . 3543.

Four new techniques of creating the absolute (bottom-speed) logs operating on the electromagnetic field are considered. Three of them are based on using the Doppler effect and the fourth on registration of the electromagnetic field profile by the spaced receivers. It is shown that, unlike the well-known techniques (interrogation and noninterrogation ones) the suggested techniques have a number of advantages.

Key words: electromagnetic field, absolute speed, radionavigation systems, technique, receiver-indicators.

Universalia of the Earth¢s Relief. Y. N. Zhukov Navigation and Hydrography. 2014. No. 37. . 4347.

The notion of the single description of the Earth¢s relief form is introduced and substantiated. The technique for constructing the single cartographic image of the relief is described.

Key words: the relief surface, similarity of the local relief forms, Kronrod-Reeb tree.

Automation of Checking the Correctness of the Cartographic Image of the Submarine Relief. Y. N. Zhukov Navigation and Hydrography. 2014. No. 37. . 4751.

The list of quantitatively evaluated characteristics that determine the correctness of the cartographic representation of the relief is given. The requirements to the functionality of the program system for the automated evaluation of the correctness of the cartographic representation of relief are formulated.

Key words: relief surface, topology, Kronrod-Reeb tree, Morse-Smale cells.

Comparison of Results of the Water Area Survey Carried out by the Shipborne and Towed Magnetometers. V. A. Blednov Navigation and Hydrography. 2014. No. 37. . 5158.

The results of determining the angular components of the Earth¢s magnetic field carried out on board the moving ferromagnetic object (vessel) are compared with magnetic field measurement data obtained by towed magnetometer. Based on the survey results, the maps of the Earth¢s magnetic field distribution at the same proving range are drawn. It is shown that the angular components measurement enables the accuracy and sensitivity of the magnetometric measurements techniques to be increased.

Key words: the Earth¢s [the terrestrial] magnetic field, the technique of determining the angular components, ferromagnetic object (vessel), measurements on board the moving ferromagnetic object, measurements (carried out) by the towed magnetometer.

Prospects of Using the Autonomous Underwater Unmanned Vehicles to Provide the Oceanographic and Oceanology Information for the Navy. E. S. Zubchenko, A. M. Sharkov Navigation and Hydrography. 2014. No. 37. . 5864.

The prospects of using the unmanned underwater vehicles to solve the tasks of navigation-hydrographic and hydrometeorological support for the Navy are considered. Examples of their employment in the foreign countries are given.

Key words: navigation and hydrographic support, oceanology support, robot technical means, autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV), glider.

The Game-Theoretic Model of Decision-Making in the Interests of the Navigation and Hydrographic Support for the Navy. V. N. Zavgorodny Navigation and Hydrography. 2014. No. 37. . 6472.

The method of solution for the composite games in the game theoretic approach is set forth. The model of a composite game formed by games of different classes and intended to provide the navigation and hydrographic support for the naval activities is considered. The theoretical principles for solution of the composite games are suggested.

Key words: navigation and hydrographic support, modeling the fighting, decision support system, game theoretic models, mathematical game theory, statistical decision theory.

The Present-Day Technique of Satellite Bathymetry. A. G. Alekseyev, E. S. Zubchenko Navigation and Hydrography. 2014. No. 37. . 7280.

The technique used to find the depth by multizonal images of the sea areas obtained by the present-day satellite optronic scanning systems, is considered and analyzed.

Key words: remote sensing, multizonal optronic scanning systems, bottom relief, technique of processing the multizonal images, multiple regression, technique of the main components, accuracy of method, depth range.

Brief Review of Explorations in the Sphere of Climate Change and Evaluation of its Influence on the Naval Activities. S. I. Mastryukov, N. V. Chervyakova Navigation and Hydrography. 2014. No. 37. . 8192.

The main results of the present-day international and national explorations in the sphere of climate change are summarized. The activities and results of the explorations that are carried out in the USA in order to evaluate the influence of the expected climate change on the military and naval activities are analyzed. The aim of the review is to substantiate the necessity to carry out the special explorations of the climate change in the interests of the Russian Navy.

Key words: climate change, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the Russian explorations of the climate, the Navy